West Bali National Park
Unspoilt beauty is located at the west end of the fabled island of Bali: lush green forests, picturesque mountain range, crystal clear blue waters, and vast stretches of pristine beaches, these are what awaits at the West Bali National Park. Home to more than A hundred species of wildlife, the national park is best known as the refuge of the exotic white Bali Starling, an iconic endemic bird of the island of the gods. Based in the most north-westerly point of Bali, the national park comprises the entire area of the Prapat Agung Peninsula, and vast expanses of property Around the cities of Gilimanuk, Cekik and Banyuwedang which lie at the regencies of Jembrana and Buleleng.
This national park is about 100Km from Bali’s capital city, Denpasar, or about 50 km west from the northern town of Singaraja, capital of Buleleng regency. West Bali National Park has a total area of 19, 002.89 hectares, covering 15, 587.89 hectares of property and also 3, 415 hectares of water. The habitat is quite varied with rain forests, Dry savannas, acacia bushes and lowland forests, as well as more mountain forests at the greater region. There are also some pockets of dense mangrove forests. At the north of the park is clear south of the jutting peninsula called Prapat Agung.
Around this peninsula are long stretches of a protected beach and offshore coral reefs and a tiny offshore island called Menjangan. The latter is a remarkably popular diving destination. One hundred and sixty species of birds have been recorded in the park, including the near extinct Bali Starling, Bali’s only real vertebrate species, the fauna icon of Bali. It had been the key reason why this national park was made in 1941. By 2001, it was estimated that as few as six individual starlings were presumed to have lived in the wild, all of them in this park. Ever since then, captive breeding and reintroduction efforts have continued rapidly, but poaching pressures remain a significant problem.
With that in mind, a second reintroduction program was started from the remote areas of Nusa Penida off the shore of Sanur Beach in 2004. Back in June 2011, West Bali National Park obtained 60 endangered Bali Starling for liberation, 40 from the Surabaya Zoo and 20 from the Taman Safari Indonesia. Keen birdwatchers can get a record of likely species and their standing here.
Among some other fauna found at National Park: wild Bull, Barn Swallow, Black-naped Oriole, Black Racket-tailed Treepie, Crested Serpent-eagle, Crested Treeswift, Dollarbird, Hawksbill Turtle, Indian Muntjac, Java Sparrow, Javan macaque, Big Flying Fox, Leopard Cat, Smaller Adjutant, Long-tailed Shrike, Milky Stork, Pacific Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow, Menjangan Wild Deer, Sacred Kingfisher, Savanna Nightjar, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Water Monitor, Wild Boar, Yellow-vented Bulbul, and a Lot More.
The National Park is also the home of many endangered species of flora like! Pterospermum diversifolium, Antidesma bunius, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Steleochocarpus burahol, Santalum album, Aleuritas moluccana, Sterculia foetida, Schleichera oleosa, Dipterocarpus hasseltii, Garcinia dulcis, Alstonia scholaris, Manilkara kauki, Dalbergia latifolia and Cassia fistula. Marine reserve includes a cape beaches and many sanctuary islands with lots of seabirds in the bay of Gilimanuk, on the island of Menjangan along with the exceptional coral reefs surrounding it. The fantastic drop-offs on Menjangan’s south side are only surpassed by the especially excellent reefs on its north beaches. The island is a favorite place for locals and tourists wanting to dive for much different fish and coral reef exploration.
There are no harmful currents to contend with in this region. West Bali Barat National Park also shows high biodiversity in relatively small sea location. Towards the end of the last century, 110 species of coral belonging to 18 households were recorded, where 22 species were of the mushroom corals family, and there have been at least 27 species of Acropora corals found in a relatively small region of only two hectares. With all the splendors which extend from the heart of its dense jungle to the seas That encircle the peninsula, the West Bali National Park is indeed a natural treasure of the mythical island of Bali.
For permit and information please contact:
West Bali National Park Head Office:
Balai Taman Nasional Bali Barat
Jl. Raya Cekik-Gilimanuk Jembrana, BALI 82253
Phone: +62 365 61060 Fax: +62 365 61479
Most visitors to the park come across the north shore road from Lovina or Pemuteran. Others stem from the south via Gilimanuk harbor that is the principal port that connects Java with Bali. From the capital city of Denpasar, the trip will take approximately about 4 to 5 hours along the primary west road that connects Denpasar to Gilimanuk. All visitors must log in at one of the two park offices for the info, and also to get licenses and organize guides. The headquarters is located at the village of Cekik just south of Gilimanuk in the west. The other is in Labuan Lalang in the north shore from where ships to Menjangan Island depart. The primary Ranger station is on the road between the two offices in Sumber Klampok.